Unhealthy food: you need to know the enemy by sight

It is known that not only our weight depends on the diet, but also the health of almost all body systems. Doctors and nutritionists are constantly reminded of how important it is to eat healthy and balanced. But we can still refuse products that are considered harmful. In order to forget about your favorite chips, sweets and hamburgers once and for all, you need remarkable willpower. But, if you cannot refuse them completely, try to exclude the most harmful foods, or at least they are on the menu as rarely as possible.

List of the most harmful foods: take note

What harm can popular delicacies and delicacies do to our body? We understand the most harmful products.

Sweet soda. The gas bubbles, for which we and our favorite carbonated drinks, cause bloating, heartburn, belching and flatulence. These symptoms are observed in about a quarter of Coca-Cola and similar drinkers. By the way, carbonated alcoholic drinks have the same effect. Besides, sweet soda is really very sweet – each glass contains 100-150 extra calories. They have no nutritional value, they are pure sugar.

Smoked products. Smoked meat and fish are very high in salt. Salt retains fluid in the body, resulting in edema. The antioxidants that are present in such products often negatively affect the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, smoked meats are often very fatty, the use of excess fat is an additional burden on the digestive organs.

Crisps. Basically, potato chips are starch, fat, and salt. One packet of chips contains up to one tablespoon of oil. The intake of this “fuel” that irritates the stomach can cause heartburn, which is felt like a burning sensation and a bad taste in the mouth.

Chocolate. This delicacy is also very fatty, excess fat, as we described above, can cause acid reflux. Theobromine, a substance found in excess in chocolate, has the same effect.

Trans fats. For example, margarine is a completely unnatural product for us. Trans fats are poorly absorbed and cause irritation and inflammation of the digestive tract. Diarrhea, stomach pain and nausea can result from their use.

Spices and hot sauces. Regular irritation of the stomach walls with sharp products can lead to a decrease in their protective barrier and the development of gastritis – inflammation of the gastric mucosa. Also, spicy and spicy foods stimulate the production of gastric juice and can lead to heartburn – the throwing of stomach contents into the esophagus, especially after heavy meals.

Fat meat. Bacon, juicy burgers, crispy chops – all this, of course, is delicious. However, fatty foods are an ordeal for the digestive system. It takes a very long time to digest. To cope with excess fat, the stomach secretes increased doses of gastric juice. This often results in heartburn and abdominal pain.

White bread. In ancient times, white people could only be very rich people – the poor ate gray coarse bread with bran. Today, the opposite is true: whole grain breads are quite expensive, and the cheapest toast bread is white. There are almost no nutrients in such bread – it is poor in vitamins, minerals and practically does not contain protein and fiber. But it is high in calories, it contains a lot of sugar and starch. Delicate soft bread is difficult to digest. In the intestines, it swells, which leads to constipation, heaviness in the abdomen and flatulence.

The consequences of eating unhealthy products

Eating unhealthy foods, we are practically guaranteed to ourselves trouble – increased gas production and flatulence, pain and heaviness in the stomach, constipation or diarrhea, nausea, belching, a constant unpleasant taste in the mouth. Excessive stress on the liver and pancreas, poor cardiovascular function and leads to excess weight. Salt in excessive amounts forces the kidneys to work at their limit and is one of the main causes of edema. Sugar leads to fermentation, contributes to obesity and damages the teeth – bacteria that cause tooth decay are very fond of sweets.

If you eat harmful foods regularly, you can disrupt the digestive system: the body, trying to adapt to such a diet, begins to produce many of some enzymes and few others. The beneficial microflora will also suffer – the number of helper bacteria will decrease and, as in any ecosystem, other microorganisms that are not so useful will take them.

Take care of your stomach!

However, moderation will never be superfluous. Even people with healthy digestive systems can experience significant discomfort from overeating. Our stomach is small – its volume is about half a liter – and can hold an amount of food, visually approximately equal to two fists. If you eat much more, the load on the stomach will increase, and the digestion process will become more difficult and slow down. There are simply not enough digestive enzymes for this. Food will ferment and release toxins. The consequences can be the most unpleasant – from bloating and a feeling of heaviness to food poisoning.

Digestion is regulated by the autonomic nervous system, which consists of two divisions: sympathetic (“fight or flight” system) and parasympathetic (“rest and assimilation”). Digestion and assimilation of food is most effective under the influence of the “assimilation” department. Therefore, doctors advise against eating too quickly, “on the run” and talking while eating: with this method of eating, the digestive system is influenced by the “fight or flight” system. It is very important to chew your food thoroughly, as saliva is the first step in digestion. By sending unprepared food into the stomach, you make it do a double job. The most innocent consequence of this is belching, but the habit of eating quickly can cause flatulence, indigestion and other more serious disorders.

Statistical confirmation.

The habit of eating ill-considered, regular overeating, addiction to fatty, sweet and salty – all this is dangerous to health and can have far-reaching consequences. Gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, irritable bowel syndrome, distension of the stomach, pancreatitis and other diseases of the pancreas and liver, dysbiosis, overweight and obesity – this is not a complete list of typical problems of those who often consume junk foods and do not monitor the balance of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the diet. And there are a lot of people suffering from these diseases. According to statistics compiled by experts from the Higher School of Economics in 2014, about 48% of Russians who have reached the age of 18 are overweight, and at least 21% are obese [1]. It is noteworthy that many overweight people consider their diet to be correct and balanced. Moreover, some of them suffer from certain diseases of the digestive system – most often, doctors diagnose diseases of the gallbladder and pancreas.