Causes of Headache, Its Symptoms and Treatment

At the end of the nineteenth century, scientists began to investigate the nature of headaches that occur in the head. It was then that the first scientific works devoted to the analysis of headaches appeared. Scientists noted that in many ways the course of the disease is influenced by the individual anatomical features of each organism. In their opinion, the pain state is seen not only in the soft parts of the head and in the numerous braiding of nerves, but also in the constituent parts of the skull and facial bones.

A glaring factor for the occurrence of headaches are brain injuries. The nature of the disease in some cases lies in violations of the work of other systems and functional capabilities of the body. Headache requires a special approach to diagnosis – the attending physician carefully examines the symptoms and then prescribes treatment.

Possible causes of headache

Every person, at least once in their life, felt the discomfort that occurs in connection with a headache. Poor health associated with this disease appears in combination with acute respiratory colds, viral infections and flu.

Sources of headache are:

-weather dependence (reaction to changes in weather conditions);
-crashing in sleep mode;
-stressful state;
-overeating and lack of appetite;
-prolonged stay of the body in a hot environment;
-hypothermia;
-excessive physical activity;
-bad habits (smoking or alcohol abuse).

Other, no less important, provokers of headache-oxygen starvation of the brain and its membranes, pathological deviations of the neck or head. As a rule, head spasms are in many cases the only obvious symptom of other ailments.

Irritation of the meninges receptor is associated with irritation of the autonomic system of the brain and several types of nerves (trigeminal, vagus, lingual, cutaneous), the spinal root in the neck and facial muscles. Failure of the nerve endings, irritation of the neurovascular system of the skull leads to the manifestation of very severe headaches.

The factors that cause pain in the head are of different nature and manifestations, duration and frequency. The disease can overtake a person in different areas of the head: the back of the head, temples or crown. Headache sometimes occurs on its own, in other cases it is supplemented by other symptoms of poor health. Headache is often accompanied by loss of consciousness, nausea, vomiting, jumps in blood pressure. Vision problems are also directly related to this disease. To make an accurate diagnosis, the doctor should take into account where the headache is localized, its duration, accompanying symptoms and recurrence, in order to prescribe effective treatment.

Headache as a symptom of other ailments
In vascular diseases, headache is a key symptom. Consider this for timely diagnosis of vegetative-vascular dystonia, hypertension, transient ischemic attack, subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hematoma, vascular malformation, vein dyscirculation, arteritis, stroke.

In vegetative-vascular dystonia, headache is accompanied by loss of consciousness, nausea, jumps in blood pressure, neurotic disorders. Climate change or nervous tension, emotional decline can exacerbate the symptom.

Hypertension causes pain spasms with noise in the ears, flickering in the eyes,nausea, pain in the heart. Often a headache in the back of the head.

Venous dysfunction is supplemented by a headache at certain hours of the day-in the morning and in the evening. The symptom is supplemented by feelings of heaviness and pressure, the pain becomes dull and bilateral.

If you feel a sharp intense pain – this may be a sign of an acute stroke. Severe pain with pulsation near the temple indicates the manifestation of temporal arteritis. Problems with blood vessels are also accompanied by pain in the head and impaired thinking.

Some head injuries cause pain in the head. For example, an acute lesion of the craniocerebral structure of the head always causes this symptom, taking into account the intensity and severity. Unbearable pain is accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Hematomas cause delayed spasms in the foci of occurrence.

Headache is always a key symptom of various types of infections (meningitis, encephalitis and colds). It is supplemented by a hanging body temperature, heaviness in the head, a feeling of compression of the eyes and ears, nausea and vomiting in acute infection.

Headaches in diseases of an infectious nature
Cold viruses and other infectious diseases are accompanied by the harmful effects of toxins from the vital activity of microbes. This causes a headache on the background of high fever, body aches, chills, vision problems. You can defeat a headache with the help of anti-cold medications with an antipyretic effect.

Increased spasms in the head with a cold can be a sign of a very serious disease called meningitis. Timely diagnosis of meningococcal infection will help to avoid fatal damage to the meninges. Some forms of meningitis can lead to death of the patient within just a few hours.

Headache-treatment
Therapy to eliminate the headache is prescribed by the attending physician. The results of a complete diagnosis of the body will prompt an accurate diagnosis for the selection of an effective method for eliminating a severe headache. So that the headache does not manifest itself in the patient so much, the symptoms are carefully studied and only then an individual treatment is selected. The method is influenced by several factors:

-type;
-severity of the disease;
-additional nuances (for example, age and the presence of other diseases).
Prevention of acute pain is possible when taking medications of the analgesic group (ibuprofen, paracetamol) and combined medications containing caffeine and antispasmodics (pentalgin, panadol, noshpalgin, solpadein, imet). Various capsules, fizzy drinks in the form of tablets and sachets with soluble powders proved to be effective in the treatment of acute manifestations of headache. They can be taken independently for a short time, long-term use is fraught with addiction to such drugs. Be sure to consult your doctor to find out the cause of the pain syndrome, and then eliminate them.

The course of headache treatment consists of elements of physiotherapy:

-electrophoresis procedures;
-darsonvalization, optionally including the neck and collar area;
-acupuncture;
-massage;
-procedures in water.
No less favorably affected by the stay in the sanatorium and resort type.

Drug therapy includes taking:

-gabapentins;
-valproate;
-muscle relaxants;
-sedatives;
-vitamin B;
-diuretics;
-venotonics;
-antioxidants;
-vascular drugs;
-neuroprotectors.
Each doctor, after making the correct diagnosis, will prescribe an individual treatment for headache. Listen to his explanations of how to use drugs for prevention and to eliminate sharp and sudden pain.

Do not forget that self-medication for frequent headaches will only harm your body. The reason for the deterioration of the condition may be the presence of a tumor in the head, in this case, medical pills can not act as a panacea – you will need surgery. Excessive use of painkillers has a detrimental effect on the functionality of the gastrointestinal tract, liver and kidneys.